Existing organizational structureExisting organizational structure

Feb 15, 2024

 

1) The structure that manages projects within the existing organizational structure is __________ organization.

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  • Project
  • Balanced matrix
  • Functional
  • Strong matrix
  • Weak matrix

2) A series of coordinated, related, multiple projects that continue over extended time intended to achieve a goal is known as a:

  • Crusade
  • Program
  • Campaign
  • Venture
  • Strategy

3) Adverse weather, design flaws, and equipment breakdown can create negative slack. This is an example of reducing project duration caused by:

  • High overhead
  • Unforeseen project delays
  • Imposed project deadlines
  • Time to market
  • Incentive contracts

4) The project communication plan contains

  • Project team vacation schedule
  • Unapproved change requests
  • A list of reports to be distributed
  • An assessment of project risks
  • Detailed task assignments

5) In which of the following theories does the project group transition from a lower level to a higher level of performance about halfway through the project?

  • Five Stage Team Development Model
  • Nominal Group Technique
  • Synergistic Transition Development Model
  • Dysfunctional Transition Model
  • Punctuated Equilibrium Model of Group Development

6) In a resource-constrained project, which of the following is most likely to be changed?

  • Project quality
  • The budget
  • The completion date

7) American project managers have earned a reputation abroad for being very good at understanding technology but not good at understanding:

  • People
  • Cultures
  • Local traditions
  • Local business practices
  • Laws

8) _________ organization is a hybrid form in which a horizontal project management structure is overlaid in the normal functional hierarchy.

  • Functional
  • Project
  • Matrix
  • Balanced

9) The lowest element in the hierarchical breakdown of the WBS is

  • A work package
  • A cost account
  • An object
  • A lowest sub deliverable
  • A deliverable

10) A project budget report is showing our project as spending $35,000 against a budgeted amount of $40,000. What does this report tell you about the project?

  • We are doing a good job managing the project
  • We are spending less than we should for the project
  • We should check to see if all the bills have been paid
  • We can’t be sure how the project is going

11) The project communication plan is usually created by

  • Team Member
  • Department Manager
  • Project Stakeholder
  • Project Sponsor
  • Project Manager

12) In which of the following stages is a major portion of the physical and mental project work performed?

  • Delivering
  • Planning
  • Defining
  • Executing
  • Conceptualizing

13) If the Project Manager needs additional resources for the project, he/she should seek approval from

  • Project Stakeholder
  • Project Sponsor
  • Project Team
  • Functional Manager
  • CEO

14) During the last two phases of a project’s life cycle, the most significant source of conflict is:

  • Costs
  • Priorities
  • Schedules
  • Technical
  • Procedures

15) The earned value of a project is the:

  • Total project cost to date
  • Project cost to date adjusted for project scope changes
  • Percent of the original budget that has been earned by actual work
  • Cost incurred minus the planned cost

16) Project leadership is about coping with:

  • Monitoring results against plans
  • Formulating plans and objectives
  • Change
  • Taking corrective action when necessary

17) The final step in the creation of a Work Breakdown Structure is to

18) Develop the responsibility matrix

  • Develop the responsibility matrix
  • Assign the cost account to a manager
  • Code the WBS for tracking
  • Assign the work package to a manager

19) The first step in the project control process of the measurement and evaluation of project performance is to

  • Determine the project objectives
  • Review the project priority matrix
  • Analyze the project budget
  • Set a baseline plan
  • Determine the project deliverables

20) Two of the biggest challenges involved in managing a virtual project team are:

  • Time management and developing trust
  • The language barriers and time management
  • Developing trust and effective patterns of communication
  • The language barriers and developing effective patterns of communication
  • Time management and developing effective patterns of communication

21) The centralized management of projects to ensure that the allocation of resources to projects is directed toward projects that contribute the greatest value to organization goals is known as:

  • Resource Allocation Optimization
  • Project Priority Matrix Management
  • Portfolio Project Management
  • Project Management Optimization
  • Project Office Management

22) Sam the project engineer has been scheduled to run the product system test at the same time he is to build a marketing prototype. This is an example of a ______ constraint.

  • Physical
  • Scheduling
  • Technical
  • Resource
  • Time

23) Small refinements to the project that eventually build to be major changes are known as:

  • Continuous improvements
  • Specification adjustments
  • Scope creep
  • Specification refinements
  • Project erosion

24) Which of the following is considered a project indirect cost

  • Supervision
  • Equipment
  • Materials
  • Labor

25) From among the following activities, which is the best example of a project?

  • Producing automobiles
  • Writing a term paper
  • Completing a college degree
  • Processing insurance claims

26) To construct a high-quality, custom home within five months at costs not to exceed $150,000 is best classified as

  • A deliverable
  • A limit
  • An objective
  • An exclusion
  • A milestone

27) Audits are least likely to occur

  • When major milestones are reached
  • At identified spending level points
  • During specific stages in the project life cycle
  • When they are unplanned

28) Project Communication Plans address all the following core questions except:

  • How will the project team be rewarded?
  • What information will be communicated?
  • How will information be communicated?
  • Who will receive the information?
  • When will the information be communicated?

29) Communications difficulties because of different languages, social standards, and religious views are examples of which of the following environmental factors?

  • Cultural
  • Geographic
  • Security
  • Infrastructure
  • Legal/political

30) Which of the following is considered a project direct cost?

  • Supervision
  • Equipment
  • Interest
  • Consultants

31) If resources are not adequate to meet peak demands, the resulting reschedule is termed

  • Project resource adjustment
  • Resource-constrained scheduling
  • Bottleneck adjustment
  • Mandatory leveling
  • Time-constrained scheduling

32) Which of the following requires more management rather than leadership?

  • Taking corrective action
  • Changes in project scope
  • Breakdowns in coordination between people
  • MTechnological stalemates

33) In which of the following stages is it determined what the project will entail, when it will be scheduled, whom it will benefit, and what the budget will be?

  • Defining
  • Executing
  • Delivering
  • Conceptualizing
  • Planning

34) In reviewing the project plan, Susan sees that the first prototype is due by October 12. This would be best classified as a

  • Critical goal
  • Project objective
  • Limit item
  • Milestone
  • Project target

35) The most common response for meeting unattainable deadlines is to:

  • Implement the fast-tracking system
  • Fire the project manager
  • Hire more people
  • Shift to the critical chain
  • Reduce or scale back the scope of the project

36) The process of forecasting or approximating the time and cost of completing project deliverables is called

  • Planning
  • Predicting
  • Budgeting
  • Guesstimating
  • Estimating

37) A typical expectation in actual practice is that estimates should have a probability of being met ______ of the time.

  • 95%
  • 80%
  • 98%
  • 100%
  • 90%

38) The last step in the Change Control Management process is

  • Negotiate and resolve conflicts
  • Formally disapprove changes
  • Track all changes that are to be implemented
  • Change the project schedule
  • Lodge a complaint

39) The most common response for meeting unattainable deadlines is to:

  • Reduce or scale back the scope of the project
  • Implement the fast-tracking system
  • Fire the project manager
  • Hire more people
  • Shift to the critical chain

40) In which of the following stages are project objectives established, teams formed, and major responsibilities assigned?

  • Defining
  • Delivering
  • Executing
  • Conceptualizing
  • Planning

41) Needs for a project could include telecommunications, transportation, power, and availability of technically skilled talent. This is an example of which of the following environmental factors?

  • Cultural
  • Economic
  • Geographic
  • Infrastructure
  • Legal/political

42) The method most frequently used in measuring project progress is the

  • 75/25 percent rule
  • Percent complete rule
  • 0/100 percent rule
  • 50/50 percent rule
  • 25/75 percent rule

43) A good benchmark to use as a time limit for conducting a project audit is

  • One week
  • Two weeks
  • One month
  • One day
  • Two months

44) Corrective actions that should take place would typically appear in the _____ section of the audit report.

  • Strategic objectives
  • Lessons learned
  • Analysis
  • Classification of project
  • Recommendations

45) The person responsible for tracking approved changes to the project is

  • Project Manager
  • Project Requestor
  • Project Team Member
  • Project Stakeholder
  • Project Sponsor

46) The project is running behind schedule, the best thing for the project manager to do is

  • Take corrective action
  • Apply for a transfer
  • Produce a Gantt Chart
  • Hire more resources

47) The method used to collect information to use through all phases of the project life cycle is called

  • Work breakdown structure
  • Organization breakdown structure
  • Priority matrix
  • Responsibility matrix
  • Work package

48) Which of the following is the easiest method for shortening project time?

  • Subcontract work
  • Reduce project scope
  • Schedule overtime
  • Reduce the quality
  • Assigning additional staff and equipment

49) In which of the following is the balance of authority strongly in favor of the functional managers?

  • Balanced matrix
  • Weak
  • Strong matrix
  • Strong

50) Which of the following is commonly associated with high-performing project teams?

  • A degree of competition among team members is encouraged
  • Roles and specific responsibilities are well-defined
  • Mistakes are viewed as opportunities for learning
  • Risk taking is controlled and not allowed to jeopardize the overall project

51) The first step of project scope definition is to

  • Define the overall objective to meet the customer’s needs
  • Meet with team members
  • Analyze the current budget plan
  • Select team members
  • Analyze the strategic plan

52) In reviewing the project plan, Susan sees that the first prototype is due by October 12. This would be best classified as a

  • Limit item
  • Critical goal
  • Project objective
  • Project target
  • Milestone

 

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